Drug Facts in Media

Serotonin contributions to cocaine's allure

12 hours 1 min ago
A new study reinforces long-held suspicions that the brain chemical serotonin, a molecule usually associated with mood, appetite and libido, makes a direct contribution to the actions of cocaine. Scientists can now clearly see details of how the brain uses serotonin not just to regulate mood, but also to drive both rapid and long-lasting changes in the brain. They suspect these changes may contribute to the brain modifications that ultimately trap users in an addicted state.

Legal cannabis laws impact teen use

Tue, 2017-06-27 08:53
A new study has found that adolescents living in medical marijuana states with a plethora of dispensaries are more likely to have tried new methods of cannabis use, such as edibles and vaping, at a younger age than those living in states with fewer dispensaries.

Lowering health risks of cannabis use with new public health guidelines

Fri, 2017-06-23 08:04
Canada's Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines, released with the endorsement of key medical and public health organizations, provide 10 science-based recommendations to enable cannabis users to reduce their health risks. The guidelines are based on a scientific review by an international team of experts.

Using science to combat addiction

Thu, 2017-06-22 12:29
In a new article, researchers highlight the need for science, and particularly neuroscience, to inform policies that address addiction.

Losing train of thought or it's hard to multi-task? You may be having one drink too many

Tue, 2017-06-20 09:40
Impairments using information that help with decision-making and planning simple tasks are linked with one's frequency of alcohol or drug use. A new study shows that cognitive impairments constitute a broader problem among substance users in the US general population. This is the first study to find associations between deficits in attention with frequency of binge drinking and use of marijuana, cocaine, opioids, tranquilizers and stimulants in the general population ages 18 and older.

Rates of marijuana use, heavy use, and cannabis use disorder depend on where you live

Thu, 2017-06-15 19:32
Adult marijuana use rose significantly in states that passed loosely regulated medical marijuana laws (MMLs) according to a new study. The highest increases were reported among adults ages 26 and over. Little change was found in past-month marijuana use among adolescents or young adults between the ages 18 and 25.

Marijuana use among college students on rise following Oregon legalization, study finds

Wed, 2017-06-14 14:05
College students attending an Oregon university are using more marijuana now that the drug is legal for recreational use, but the increase is largely among students who also report recent heavy use of alcohol, a new study has found.

Mixing booze, pot is a serious threat to traffic safety

Mon, 2017-06-12 11:55
Use of marijuana in combination with alcohol by drivers is especially dangerous, according to a study. Drivers who used alcohol, marijuana, or both were significantly more likely to be responsible for causing fatal two-vehicle crashes compared to drivers who were involved in the same crashes but used neither of the substances.

Relationship between pain and opioid abuse examined

Mon, 2017-06-12 07:41
The drug overdose epidemic is largely driven by opioids, which continue to be prescribed for chronic pain despite recommendations to use non-opioids for most cases.

Why the marijuana and tobacco policy camps are on very different paths

Thu, 2017-06-08 10:35
New research looked at diverging trajectories of cannabis and tobacco policies in the US and attempts to explain some of the reasoning behind the different paths, while discussing possible implications.

New approach to combatting anxiety states, pain and inflammation

Tue, 2017-06-06 07:08
Endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) play an important role in the brain and immune system. Researchers have now found a new way to influence the endocannabinoid system. Anti-inflammatory, analgesic as well as anxiolytic effects could be achieved in an animal model.

Sleep disturbances predict substance use among college athletes

Tue, 2017-06-06 07:01
Preliminary results of a new study show that sleep disturbance is strongly related to the use of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs among student athletes in college.

Cannabinoids used in sequence with chemotherapy are a more effective treatment for cancer, say experts

Mon, 2017-06-05 06:55
Cannabinoids - the active chemicals in cannabis - are effective in killing leukemia cells, particularly when used in combination with chemotherapy treatments, new research confirms.

Low-dose THC can relieve stress; more does just the opposite

Fri, 2017-06-02 13:52
Low levels tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the main psychoactive compound in marijuana, does reduce stress, but in a highly dose-dependent manner, new research confirms.

Why pot-smoking declines, but doesn't end, with parenthood

Thu, 2017-06-01 10:40
Adults who smoke marijuana often cut back after becoming parents -- but they don't necessarily quit. The influence of a significant other and positive attitudes toward the drug overall, in addition to the onset of parenthood, also are factors in whether someone uses marijuana.

Young adult substance abuse down significantly among PROSPER program participants

Wed, 2017-05-31 14:29
Children who participated in the PROSPER (PROmoting School-community-university Partnerships to Enhance Resilience) program over seven years ago showed lower rates of substance abuse after high school graduation, according to a new study.

Kids in high-achieving schools: Addiction down the road?

Wed, 2017-05-31 11:33
They have what most would want -- affluent upwardly mobile parents, living in comfortable homes in the suburbs, going to an elite high school and being groomed for the nation's best colleges. But these 'privileged' American high schoolers can be at high risk for problematic substance abuse across early adulthood, according to new research.

Oxytocin reduces cravings for methamphetamine

Wed, 2017-05-31 07:23
Many people have suggested that addiction hijacks the body's natural drives in the service of compulsive drug use. A new study now suggests that hijacking another natural system in the brain may help overcome drug addiction. The study shows that administration of oxytocin -- a naturally occurring molecule well known for its role in social bonding and childbirth -- reduces drug-seeking behavior in methamphetamine-addicted rats.

Stopping drug abuse can reverse related heart damage

Mon, 2017-05-29 12:21
Quitting methamphetamine use can reverse the damage the drug causes to the heart and improve heart function in abusers when combined with appropriate medical treatment, potentially preventing future drug-related cases of heart failure or other worse outcomes, according to a new study.

Legalizing marijuana will harm health of youth in Canada, study shows

Mon, 2017-05-29 06:56
The Canadian federal government's bill C-45 to legalize marijuana in Canada will jeopardize the health of young people and Parliament should vote against it, argues a new article.

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